The Anterior Cruciate Ligment (ACL) is found in the center of your knee. This ligament gets damaged when twisted too much, especially during playing games such as football.
ACL reconstruction surgery is performed to rebuild the damaged ligament with a new ligament.
The reconstruction is done using a combination of open surgery and arthroscopy.
Ahead of the reconstruction process, the surgeon will analyse your knee arthroscopically and may repair any additional damage to the knee such as worn articular cartilage or a torn meniscus.
During the ACL reconstruction, surgeon makes several minor incisions around the knee, this procedure is called arthroscopy. An arthroscope is installed into one of these incisions and the camera provided at one end of the arthrosope transmits clear pictures from inside to a monitor in the operating theatre.
After removing the damaged ligament, the surgeon drills small holes into the upper and lower leg bones near the knee joint. The holes form tunnels through which the new tissue will be anchored. It will be exactly placed in the same palace as your old ACL. Surgeon will attach the new ligament to the bone with screws or other devices. As it heals, the bone tunnels fill in and new ligament is formed.
The patient can go home on the day of the surgery. The patient may have to wear knee brace for first four or five weeks. Some patients may need to use crutches for a month. Physical therapy assists several people to regain motion and strength in their knee.
Physical rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction may take several months to a year. The recovery period is different for every person. It may range from four to six months.