In the body, knee is the largest joint which has to be healthy to perform our daily activities. When we have severe knee pain or stiffness that limits our everyday activities like walking,climbing stairs, moderate or severe knee pain even while resting, it shows the disability of the knee which is termed as arthritis.
It is a surgical method that can identify and treat many joint problems, mostly in shoulder joints, elbow, and knee joints. In this surgery, the surgeon will make a very small opening into the knee and insert a tiny camera, termed as an arthroscope. This let them examine the inside part of the joint on a screen. Through which, the surgeon can investigate the problem and correct it using small instruments. The knee arthroscopy diagnoses many knee problems like torn meniscus, knee fractures, or kneecap problems and also joint ligaments.
The knee replacement surgery is also called knee arthroplasty. It is a surgical procedure to resurface the knee, because only the surface of the bones is actually replaced which are damaged by arthritis. Firstly, the damaged cartilage tissue surfaces are identified and removed. Then, the metal implants were inserted into it to recreate the surface
.of the joint. These are then cemented into the bone. Then, the kneecap was cut and resurfaced with a plastic button to end up the bones that form the knee joint.This surgical procedure is recommended for people with severe arthritis or a severe knee pain or injury. Considerations for surgery can be based on the patient's pain and disability,and not on the basis of age. Most of the patients who undergo this knee replacement are in the age group of 50 and 80 years, but orthopaedic surgeons would suggest who needs what.
With proper guidance and routine followup, the patient can lead a good life after the knee replacement. Here, the recovery and rehabilitation process plays a vital role to resume an active lifestyle. On the day 1 after the surgery, a nurse or occupational therapist would do the dressing change, bathing and other things. Physical therapist would give instructions about how to proceed after the surgery. Initially, a 4-leg walker is given; this assists the patient to walk better without much help from others. Doctors would advise to use the toilet instead of a bedpan. As one recover from surgery, the activity level would gradually increase with limited activities for a period of 6 weeks. For some, this may take a little longer. After such
period, the physical therapist would suggest to try to walk longer, and avoid the walker whenever possible.So, with all these physical therapy activities and medicines, the patient would definitely recover faster than as expected.Continuing and routine followup with the doctors would make the patient perfect within a year.
In India, we are gifted with well experienced orthopedic specialists and hospitals, especially, in Delhi, we have Joint and Bone Solutions, which is headed by Dr. Biren Nadkarni, who is specialized in minimally invasive surgeries and arthroscopy. He has the proficiency in curing patients for the past 15 years with successful results. Here, the knee replacements were done extremely well with excellent results for all age groups.
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